Use a variety of resources - locate books, journals, and documents that contain useful information and ideas on your topic. Internet sites, theses & dissertations, conference papers, ePrints and government or industry reports can also be included. Do not rely solely on electronic full-text material which is more easily available. Reference sources such as dictionaries can assist in defining terminology, and encyclopaedias may provide useful introductions to your topic by experts in the field and will list key references.
See the chapter below for a helpful overview of the literature review process, especially the sections on how to analyse the literature you have gathered and how to write up your literature review:
Literature Reviews and Bibliographic Searches. 2006. In V. Desai, & R. Potter (Eds.), Doing Development Research. (pp. 209-222). London, England: SAGE Publications, Ltd. Available at: http://0-dx.doi.org.oasis.unisa.ac.za/10.4135/9781849208925.n22 (A student will be prompted at some stage for his/ her student number and myUnisa password. A staff member will be prompted at some stage for his/ her Unisa Network username and login password).
This book is available in the Sage Research Methods Online database.
Group the sources into the themes and sub-themes of your topic. As you read widely but selectively in your topic area, consider what themes or issues connect your sources together.
You can organize the review in many ways; for example, you can center the review historically (how the topic has been dealt with over time); or center it on the theoretical positions surrounding your topic (those for a position vs. those against, for example); or you can focus on how each of your sources contributes to your understanding of your project.
Your literature review should include: