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How to write a Literature Review: Quantitative vs qualitative method

A guide to writing a literature review.

Quantitative vs qualitative method

Quantitative research

Qualitative research

Criterion

Meaning and procedure

Criterion

Meaning and procedure

Reliability

Same findings upon replication?

Test-retest & interrater reliability

Dependability;

Trustworthiness;

Consistency

Similar context yields similar findings? Inquiry audit

Internal validity

Measured what intention was?

Experimental control; statistical triangulation

Credibility

Compatibility between respondents’ and reported perceptions? Prolonged engagement; member checks; quality record; narrative triangulation

External validity

Generalisability to population?

Random sampling

Transferability

Applicable to other cases and contexts? Purposive sampling; detailed descriptions of process

‘Objectivity’

Reflecting own views?

Control over subjective factors

Confirmability

Findings not function of biases of researcher? Audit trail; trust & rapport with subject; intersubjectivity

Replicability

Can next researcher replicate the study? Peer reviewed publication

Replicability

Clear description of procedures? Appropriate peer-reviewed publication

Source: Golafshani, 2003