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Selecting a Quality Journal: Predatory Journals

What is a predatory journal?

“Predatory journals and publishers are entities that prioritize self-interest at the expense of scholarship and are characterized by false or misleading information, deviation from best editorial and publication practices, a lack of transparency, and/or the use of aggressive and indiscriminate practices.”

Consensus definition (Grudniewicz, Moher, Cobey, et al, 2019)


A Blacklist is a list of journals, publishers, companies or entities that are regarded as unacceptable or untrustworthy and to be avoided or distrustedA black list seeks out information about journals and publishers that are engaging in deceptive and fraudulent practices. The purpose of a low quality journal or predatory blacklist is to identify journal scam operations, in order to alert potential authors about unscrupulous and unethical publishing operations.

List name

List compiled by

Blacklists in the public domain

Beall’s list


DOAJ delisted journals


Scopus discontinued sources


Beall's list of vanity publishers


Subscription based blacklists


Subscription based



A Whitelist is a list of journals, publishers, companies or entities that are considered to be acceptable or trustworthy

Cabell's Predatory Reports

The Cabell’s Predatory Reports covers approximately 12000 titles, significantly expanding the resources offered to scholars to manage the predatory journal threat. Cabell’s identifies questionable journals based on 65 behavioural indicators. Cabell’s is not limited to open access journals, as it includes journals published by the large publishing companies.

Cabell’s blacklist criteria can be viewed at::

Cabell's Video:




Anderson, R. (2019). Cabell’s Predatory Journal Blacklist: An Updated Review. The Scholarly Kitchen. Retrieved from

Bisaccio, M. (2018). Cabells’ Journal Whitelist and Blacklist: Intelligent data for informed journal evaluations. Learned Publishing, (March).

Hoffecker, L. (2018). Resource review. Cabells Scholarly Analytics. Journal of the Medical Library Association, 106(2), 270–272.

Strielkowski, W. (2018). Predatory Publishing: What Are the Alternatives to Beall’s List? The American Journal of Medicine, 131(4), 333–334.