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CEMS Harvard Referencing Style: Journal Articles

Introduction

Journal articles are seen as printed if they have a volume number, and electronic when the pagination of the full-text journal article differs from its printed equivalent, or is not supplied at all, or is only in HTML format. It is important to indicate to your reader which format of the journal you are using.

A DOI is a unique number used by publishers to identify electronic articles, but not all articles have a DOI. If there is a DOI, the URL is not needed, but if the article does not have a DOI, you need to add the URL.

In some cases, the article has only been submitted for publication but is not published yet, which will influence how you reference the journal article.

Journal Articles

Author’s surname, initials. Year of publication. Title of article. Journal Title (in italics), volume number (issue number): page numbers.

Example:

Rogerson, J.M. 2021. Tourism business responses to South Africa’s COVID-19 pandemic emergency. GeoJournal of Tourism & Geosites, 35(2): 338-347.

Author’s surname, initials. Year of publication. Title of article. Journal Title (in italics), volume number (issue number): pages. doi: or if no DOI is available add Available at: URL [Accessed: day month year].

 

EXAMPLE OF A REFERENCE WITH A DOI:

 

Salehi, M. & Arianpoor, A. 2021. The relationship among financial and non-financial aspects of business sustainability performance: Evidence from Iranian panel data. The TQM Journal, 33(6): 1447-1468. doi: 10:1108/TQM-08-2020-0175.

 

EXAMPLE OF A REFERENCE WITH A URL:

 

Okharedia, A.A. 2020. The role of servant leadership and spirituality in promoting efficiency and productivity in the workplace. Pharos Journal of Theology, 101: a10. Available at: https://www.pharosjot.com/uploads/7/1/6/3/7163688/article_10_vol_101__2020__unisa.pdf [Accessed: 23 July 2021].

Author’s surname, initials. Year of printing. Title of article. Journal Title (in italics). [In press].

 

Example:

 

Kreuter, T., Scavarda, L.F. & Thomé, A.M.T. 2021. Empirical and theoretical perspectives in sales and operations planning. Review of Managerial Science. [In press].