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CEMS Harvard Referencing Style: Images or Diagrams

Images, Tables, Diagrams etc

IN-TEXT CITATION

Mintzberg(1979) ...

.... (Mintzberg, 1979)

"....." (Mintzberg, 1979:186)


  • ​Any image, diagram, table etc. needs a caption as well as an in-text citation to the original work
  • If the image, diagram, table etc. being cited belongs to the author of the book, then cite the book as normal, but include the page number as if you were performing a direct quote.
  • If the image,diagram table etc. being cited does not belong to the author of the book, then you will need to add additional information.

FORMAT OF A REFERENCE TO A IMAGE OR DIAGRAM

Author' s Surname, Initial. Year. Title of the Work. [Material Type]. In Author/Editors' surname,Initial. Year. ​Title. Place of Publication: Publishers. page number.


EXAMPLE OF A REFERENCE TO AN  IMAGE  FROM A PRINT BOOK

Mintzberg, H. 1979.The basic parts of organisations – Mintzberg’s model. [Diagram] In: Cole, G.A. 2004. Management theory and practice. 6th ed. London: Thomson. 186.

 

Captions

 

A caption should always include:

  • The word Figure (with a capital letter and in italics)
  • A number (from 1, in numerical order)
  • A title for the figure 
  • An in text citation for the reference of the source, which includes the Author(s), date and page number of the source, i.e. (Saunders et al, 2007:102)
  • The caption always appears under the image, figure etc
  • They are always referred to by their number in the text.

 

​EXAMPLE OF A DIAGRAM WITH A CAPTION

 

Figure 6: The Research Onion (Saunders et. al, 2007:102)